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Joan of Arc: a brief, virtuous life of courage

Joan of Arc: a brief, virtuous life of courage

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“Joan of Arc, without tomb and without portrait, you who knew that the grave of heroes is the heart of the living”

André Malraux

Those who inspire us, often, are ordinary people who touch our hearts by performing uncommon feats. Through their example, we feel that the extraordinary is possible. Joan of Arc was an example: an improbable heroine who still inspires us to this day.

According to historian Helen Castor (2021, p. 19), “Her light is brighter than any other figure of her time and space. Her history is unique, and at the same time, universal in its reach.”

Patron saint of France and heroine, she is one of the greatest examples of conduct and courage throughout history. But how did an illiterate young woman manage to get such recognition during her lifetime?

In 1412, Europe was going through the dark times of the Inquisition. France was a divided Kingdom, facing the Hundred Years’ War with an extensive territory dominated by England.

It was in that year that Joan of Arc was born, in Domrémy, a small French town. Her childhood friends used to say that “Joan was a good, simple and affable girl. She would often go to church and sacred places.” (Pernoud, 1996, p.14).

At 13, she started hearing voices, initially of Archangel Saint Michael, and then Saint Catherine of Alexandria, and Saint Margaret of Antioch. “Before anything, he would tell me that I must be a good child, and that God would help me. Among other things, he told me that I must go to rescue the King of France…” (Pernoud, 1996, p. 22).

At 16, Joan left her home and headed to a fortress, in Vaucouleurs, to tell its commander Robert de Baudricourt, that she must be taken to the Dauphin (the heir to the French throne), to help him recover the French throne. In their first encounter, Robert asked them to send her back home and that her parents give her a good spanking. Only in their third encounter, almost a year later, did Commander Robert decide to take her to meet Dauphin Carlos VII. At that point, Joan had already obtained support from the local people and her guard was built spontaneously.

In only 11 days, Joan and her small entourage crossed about 600 kilometers in territory dominated by the English. Upon arriving in Chinon, Carlos VII tried to trick her, making it appear that another person was the Dauphin, but Joan promptly recognized him. She impressed him even more in a private meeting when she told him things that, according to him, only God could know.

Nevertheless, she was taken to Poitiers to be examined by priests and masters of the University of Paris. Their conclusions were: “in her has been found nothing evil; only good, humility, virginity, devotion, honesty, simplicity” (Pernoud, 1996, p. 50).

Joan referred to herself as “Joan the maiden” (Pucelle), a title with a profound meaning of purity. For this reason, in Poitiers, she was also submitted to a virginity test.

After her evaluation, the Dauphin made the troops available for her to command the release of Orleans, which had been under English blockade.

“I would take in my hands the banner when we attacked so that I didn’t kill anybody. I have never killed anyone” (Pernoud, 1996, p. 56). Joan would also say that she liked “her banner more than her sword”.

The banner contained the figure of our Lord sitting on the clouds, with two angels by his side. It was white, with lilies, and the names of Jesus and Mary were written on it.

Much to everyone’s dismay, in less than 4 months, Joan released Orleans, won all of the battles and took Dauphin Carlos VII to Reims to be crowned, something unthinkable without her participation. The coronation of Carlos VII, on July 17, 1429 changed the course of French history, and Joan was responsible for triggering the end of the Hundred Years’ War, which happened shortly after.

Wherever she went, Joan affected everyone with her devotion, purity, and courage. According to her squire Gobert Thibault: “Joan was a good Christian; she enjoyed attending mass every day and would frequently take communion. She would get very irritated when hearing a blasphemy (…) in her troop, she was always with the soldiers, and I heard from those closest to her that they never desired her physically.” (Pernoud, 1996, p. 58).

As a demonstration of the strength of her presence, in her first battle, “Warriors and members of the bourgeois of Orleans came to receive her, carrying a large number of torches and expressing so much joy, as if they had seen God himself descend among them (…) They, however, already felt quite comforted and as if freed by the divine grace that was said to be in that simple maiden that men, women and children contemplated very affectionately; it was a marvelous crowd, pressed together to touch her…” (Pernoud, 1996, p. 64).

After the Dauphin was crowned King, Joan lost the support she had up to then. As a result, in May of 1430, she was captured by French allies of England and sold to the English. She remained in prison for 10 months without anyone attempting to rescue her.

Joan had a trial of 4 months. Nothing was found to incriminate her, and she behaved haughtily during the entire process. In the end, upon a complete absence of evidence, Joan was condemned of heresy for wearing male clothing, which she argued was in self-defense against the possible assault of jailers.

On May 30, 1431, at 19 years of age, Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in public and her ashes thrown into the Seine River.

Her reputation began to be reestablished 18 years later, with interviews of 115 living witnesses including nobles, clergy and soldiers.

In 1920, nearly 500 years later, she was canonized without the need of a single miracle. The basis of her canonization were: the solidity of her piety, prudence of her judgments, her maiden-like demeanor, purity of her love for her homeland, meekness to the voices that came to her from Above, and submission to God in whose presence she lived her daily life.

Her moral leadership was evident, like her courage, or in Latin, coraticum (cor + atĭcum): the association of the word cor (heart) and the atĭcum suffix, which is used to indicate the action of the word preceding it.

Courage is one of the four cardinal virtues of human excellence as defined by Plato: Prudence (wisdom); Justice, Temperance, and Fortitude (courage and strength). To him, the heart is the seat of the emotions and courage means the action of the heart. Joan of Arc represented courage like no one else.

References:

Castor, Helen. Joana d´Arc: a surpreendente história da heroína que comandou o exército francês. Editora Gutenberg, 2021.

Pernoud, Regine. Joana D´Arc: a mulher forte. Paulinas, 1996.

https://artrianon.com/2019/05/30/obra-de-arte-da-semana-joana-darc-de-albert-lynch/ accessed on 27/10/2022.

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MON    SUN

17-23

JAN    JAN

Online

Semana de Básico

PT

It will be transmitted in the following language ​​and times:

PORTUGUESE - WITH INTERACTION

Monday to Friday

at 8:30 p.m.*

Saturday

at 2:30 p.m.*

Sunday

at 10 a.m.*

Time Zone: (UTC-03:00) Brasilia

*The activity lasts approximately 3 hours.

To find out how to participate, click below.

No registrations will be made on the weekend before the activity, or in the week it takes place.

*Para repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A., em breve mais informações.

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Lavar frequentemente ou higienizar com álcool em gel.

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Ao espirrar ou tossir, proteger a boca e o nariz com o cotovelo, ou usar lenço descartável.

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Modelo

Tipo

Bose

Quiet Comfort 35 Stereo

USB e Bluetooth

Dell

Pro Stereo Headset UC150

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Jabra

BLZ 2400 II

USB

Jabra

Evolve 20 MS

USB

Jabra

Evolve 75

USB e Bluetooth

Jabra

UC Voice 550a MS Mono

USB

JBL

Everest Elite 750NC Stereo

Bluetooth

Logitech

Headset H390

USB

Logitech

Stereo H650e

USB

Microsoft

LifeChat LX-3000

USB

Microsoft

LifeChat LX-6000

USB

Plantronics

Blackwire 320

USB

Plantronics

Blackwire 3220 Series

USB

Plantronics

Blackwire C220

USB

Plantronics

Audio 628 USB

USB

Samsung

USBC Headset

USB

Sony

WH-CH700N

USB

Sony

Headset Pulse 7.1

USB

Sony

WH-XB900N

Bluetooth

Atualização: 11.06.2021

Requisitos técnicos indispensáveis

Gostaríamos de informar que, para a participação no Básico on-line, são indispensáveis os seguintes requisitos mínimos:

Computador (Windows/Mac)

Computador com câmera integrada ou conectada por entrada USB.

As atividades não poderão ser assistidas por nenhum outro dispositivo, tais como celulares, smartphones e tablets ou computadores com outros sistemas operacionais.

Especificações e Sistema Operacional

• Processador: Intel Core i3, i5 e i7 – 3100 Series , ou superior.

• Memória RAM: 4GB, ou superior.

• Sistema Operacional:

• Windows 7 com todas as atualizações, ou versão superior (somente 64 bits).

• MacOS 10.15 Catalina, ou versão superior.

Verifique as configurações de seu computador Windows clicando aqui.

Como verificar suas especificações no Mac? Clique aqui.

Fones de ouvido com microfone (headset)

Modelos homologados para uso com nossa plataforma.

Consulte a lista de headsets homologados:

Internet

Banda larga com conexão estável, com no mínimo 10MB de download e 4MB de upload.

Como verificar sua banda de internet? Clique aqui para testa-la.

* Os requisitos técnicos poderão ser atualizados. Acompanhe aqui eventuais alterações.

SEG    DOM

19-25

JUL    JUL

Online

Semana de Básico

PT

Será transmitido nos idiomas e horários locais:

PORTUGUÊS - COM INTERAÇÃO

Segunda a sexta-feira

20h30 às 23h30

Sábado

14h30 às 17h30*

Domingo

10h00 às 12h00*

Hora de São Paulo

*Horários de término aproximados.

As vagas para essa atividade foram preenchidas. Caso queira ser avisado quando uma nova semana for agendada, clique aqui.

SEG    DOM

27-03

SET    OUT

Online

Semana de Básico

PT

Será transmitido nos idiomas e horários locais:

PORTUGUÊS - COM INTERAÇÃO

Segunda a sexta-feira

às 20h30*

Sábado

às 14h30*

Domingo

às 10h00*

Hora de São Paulo

*A atividade tem duração aproximada de 2h30.

Para saber como participar, clique em um dos links abaixo:

1 – Novo Participante.
2- Repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A.

SEG    DOM

08-14

NOV    NOV

Online

Semana de Básico

PT

Será transmitido nos idiomas e horários locais:

PORTUGUÊS - COM INTERAÇÃO

Segunda a sexta-feira

às 20h30*

Sábado

às 14h30*

Domingo

às 10h00*

Hora de São Paulo

*A atividade tem duração aproximada de 3 horas.

Para saber como participar, clique abaixo.

*Para repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A., em breve mais informações.

SEG    SEX

25-29

OUT    OUT

Online

Semana de Avançado 1

PT

Será transmitido nos idiomas e horários locais:

PORTUGUÊS - COM INTERAÇÃO

Segunda a sexta-feira

às 20h30*

Hora de São Paulo

*A atividade tem duração aproximada de 3 horas.

Para saber como participar, clique abaixo.

Requisitos técnicos indispensáveis

Veja no vídeo abaixo as informações:

Computador (Windows/Mac)

Computador com câmera integrada ou conectada por entrada USB.

As atividades não poderão ser assistidas por nenhum outro dispositivo, tais como celulares, smartphones e tablets ou computadores com outros sistemas operacionais.

Especificações e Sistema Operacional

• Processador: Intel Core i3, i5 e i7 – 3100 Series , ou superior.

• Memória RAM: 4GB, ou superior.

• Sistema Operacional:

• Windows 7 com todas as atualizações, ou versão superior (somente 64 bits).

• MacOS 10.15 Catalina, ou versão superior.

Verifique as configurações de seu computador Windows clicando aqui.

Como verificar suas especificações no Mac? Clique aqui.

Fones de ouvido com microfone (headset)

Modelos homologados para uso com nossa plataforma.

Consulte a lista de headsets homologados:

Internet

Banda larga com conexão estável, com no mínimo 10MB de download e 4MB de upload.

Como verificar sua banda de internet? Clique aqui para testa-la.

* Os requisitos técnicos poderão ser atualizados. Acompanhe aqui eventuais alterações.

MON    FRI

06-10

DEC    DEC

Online

Semana de Introdução

PT

It will be transmitted in the following language ​​and times:

PORTUGUESE - WITH INTERACTION

Monday to Friday

at 8:30 p.m.*

Time Zone: (UTC-03:00) Brasilia

*The activity lasts approximately 3 hours.

To find out how to participate, click below.

No registrations will be made on the weekend before the activity, or in the week it takes place.

SEG    SEX

22-26

NOV    NOV

Online

Semana de Avançado 1

PT

Será transmitido nos idiomas e horários locais:

PORTUGUÊS - COM INTERAÇÃO

Segunda a sexta-feira

às 20h30*

Hora de São Paulo

*A atividade tem duração aproximada de 3 horas.

Para saber como participar, clique abaixo.

MON    SUN

24-30

JAN    FEB

Online

Semana de Básico

ES

It will be transmitted in the following language ​​and times:

SPANISH - WITH INTERACTION

Monday to Friday

at 9 p.m.*

Saturday

at 02:30 p.m.*

Sunday

at 11 a.m*

Time Zone: (UTC-03:00) Buenos Aires

*The activity lasts approximately 3 hours.

To find out how to participate, click below.

No registrations will be made on the weekend before the activity, or in the week it takes place.

*Para repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A., em breve mais informações.

Hello !

Welcome to the internal Home Page of the PRÓ-VIDA website. In this environment you will find information about our movement, such as the activities calendar, news and content that may be of interest to you.

Where to find the activities?

You will find the activities calendar right at the top of the home page and, to see all the available activities, just click on “See full calendar”.

The activities are organized by language, time zone, modality (in person, online, or remote in-center), and categories:

  • BAS, AV1 and INT weeks
  • Exercises and Training
  • Lectures and Talks
  • Advanced Levels
  • CGD (General Center for the Tithe)
  • Departments

What activities can I participate in?

You will be able to participate in all available activities, according to your level. They are identified in the calendar by a stripe with the color of the level, on the left side of the activity name.

Basic Level

Every Monday, online Basic Level activities are available. They are offered in four languages ​​(Portuguese, Spanish, Italian and English) and different time zones.

In addition, starting at the Basic Level, you will be able to participate in all the activities identified with the following colors:

Weeks, lectures and exercises aimed at participants from the Basic Level and up.

Here you can find activities such as Keeping in Touch, celebrations, and ceremonies.

Activities carried out by PRÓ-VIDA Departments, such as lectures, presentations and studies.

Check the calendar for upcoming activities and check their times.

Advanced 1​ Level

Activities for the Advanced 1 Level and up are also available for those who have completed that level

Weeks, lectures, exercises and talks for participants from Advanced 1 Level and up.

Introduction Level

For those at the Introduction Level, also the following activities are available:

Weeks, lectures, exercises, and talks for participants from the Introduction Level and up.

Activity for all PRÓ-VIDA participants, starting at the Introduction Level.

Advanced 2SC Level

From Advanced 2 Level and up, the following activities are also available:

Weeks, lectures, exercises and talks for participants from the Advanced 2SC Level and up.

How to browse the site?

Navigate through the pages and contents of the site by clicking the links on the top golden bar or the “hamburger button” (≡), located in the upper left corner.

In addition to content and articles on various topics, you will be able to access some important areas for your participation in the activities:

Online Activities: It’s the place where you will access the activities that will be transmitted in the online modality.

Participant’s Area: It gathers information about your registration and your level in PRÓ-VIDA.

Need help?

If you need help, or to clarify any questions, contact our support by e-mail: foundation.secretary@provida.net.

MON    SUN

24-30

JAN    JAN

Online

Semana de Básico

PT

It will be transmitted in the following language ​​and times:

PORTUGUESE - WITH INTERACTION

Monday to Friday

at 9 p.m.*

Saturday

at 2:30 p.m.*

Sunday

at 11 a.m.*

Time Zone: (UTC) Dublin, Edinburgh, Lisbon

*The activity lasts approximately 3 hours.

To find out how to participate, click below.

No registrations will be made on the weekend before the activity, or in the week it takes place.

*Para repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A., em breve mais informações.

MON    SUN

31-06

JAN    FEB

Online

Semana de Básico

ES

It will be transmited in the following language ​​and times:

SPANISH - WITH INTERACTION

Monday to Friday

at 9 p.m.*

Saturday

at 2:30 p.m.*

Sunday

at 11 a.m.*

Time Zone: (UTC + 01:00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris

*The activity lasts approximately 3 hours.

To find out how to participate, click below.

No registrations will be made on the weekend before the activity, or in the week it takes place.

*Para repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A., em breve mais informações.

MON    SUN

31-06

JAN    FEV

Online

Basic Week

EN

It will be transmitted in the following language ​​and times:

ENGLISH - WITH INTERACTION

Monday to Friday

at 8:30 p.m.*

Saturday

at 2:30 p.m.*

Sunday

at 10 a.m*

Time Zone: (UTC-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)

*The activity lasts approximately 3 hours.

To find out how to participate, click below.

No registrations will be made on the weekend before the activity, or in the week it takes place.

MON    SUN

07-13

FEB    FEB

Online

Settimana di Basico

IT

It will be broadcast in local languages ​​and times:

ITALIAN - WITH INTERACTION

Monday to Friday

at 9 p.m.*

Saturday

at 2:30 p.m.*

Sunday

at 11 a.m.*

Time Zone: (UTC+01:00) Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna

*The activity lasts approximately 3 hours.

To find out how to participate, click below.

No registrations will be made on the weekend before the activity, or in the week it takes place.

SEG    SEX

07-11

FEV    FEV

Online

Semana de Avançado 1

PT

Será transmitido nos idiomas e horários locais:

PORTUGUÊS - COM INTERAÇÃO

Segunda a sexta-feira

às 20h30*

Fuso horário: (UTC-03:00) Brasilia

*A atividade tem duração aproximada de 3 horas.

Inscrições abertas a partir de 24/01.

Para saber como participar, clique abaixo.

Não serão feitas inscrições no fim de semana anterior à atividade, ou na semana em que ela acontece.

*Para repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A., em breve mais informações.

SEG    DOM

14-20

FEV    FEV

Online

Semana de Básico

PT

Será transmitido nos idiomas e horários locais:

PORTUGUÊS - COM INTERAÇÃO

Segunda a sexta-feira

às 20h30*

Sábado

às 14h30*

Domingo

às 10h00*

Fuso horário: (UTC-03:00) Brasilia

*A atividade tem duração aproximada de 3 horas.

Inscrições abertas a partir de 25/01.

Para saber como participar, clique abaixo.

Não serão feitas inscrições no fim de semana anterior à atividade, ou na semana em que ela acontece.

*Para repetição oficial, participantes que estão retornando ou em R.A., em breve mais informações.

Modalities of PRÓ-VIDA activities

In-person

Presenter in-center

Participants in-center

This is a live activity carried out in one of the PRÓ-VIDA Centers with both the presenter and the enrolled participants attending in-person.

Remote in-center

Remote presenter

Participants in-center

The activity is transmitted live from one of the PRÓ-VIDA studios to several Centers where the participants are attending in-person. It allows the presenter and the participants to interact despite the fact that the presenter is in a remote location. 

Online

Online presenter

Online participants

The activity is transmitted live from one of the PRÓ-VIDA studios and enables interaction between participants and the presenter in a virtual environment.

To learn more about the modalities, talk to a PRÓ-VIDA representative by chat or email secretaria@provida.net (for Brazil residents) or foundation.secretary@provida.net (for residents in other countries).

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